March is celebrated world-wide as blood clot awareness month.
Blood clots can happen to anyone, but they are preventable.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain or swelling but can also occur with no symptoms.
You can get DVT if you have certain medical conditions that affect the blood clotting mechanism of your body. A grume in your legs also can happen if you do not move for an extended time, like after you've got surgery or an accident, when you're traveling a long distance, or when you're on bed rest.
Deep vein thrombosis is often very serious because blood clots in your veins can break loose, travel through your bloodstream and find stuck in your lungs, blocking blood flow (pulmonary embolism). However, embolism can occur with no evidence of DVT.
When DVT and embolism occur together, it's called venous thromboembolism (VTE).
DVT signs and symptoms can include:
Anything that stops your blood from flowing or clotting normally can cause a blood clot. The main causes of DVT are damage to a vein from surgery or trauma and inflammation due to infection or injury.
Many things can increase your risk of developing DVT. The more risk factors you have, the greater your risk of DVT.
Complications of DVT can include:
Your doctor will want to stop the blood clot from getting bigger or breaking off and heading toward your lungs. They’ll also want to cut your chances of getting another DVT.
This can be done in one of three ways:
Catheter-directed thrombolysis is done by doing a small puncture in vein behind the knee, guidewire along with the Angiojet (clot suctioning device) is introduced inside the vein. Clots are removed from vein & blood flow is again normalized in the limb.
Consult a Vascular Surgeon immediately for assessment. Doctor will perform an Ultrasound Doppler test of your legs & will explain to you further the course of treatment.