Carotid Artery Stenosis Stenting
Brain stroke or Brain attack is a condition similar to heart attack, occuring due to inadequate blood supply to brain.
|Why it’s an emergency condition?|
|Inadequate blood supply to brain can damage a part of brain, which can lead to paralysis/death.|
|Why brain stroke occurs?|
|There are 2 types of stroke
|Am I at risk?|
|If you have following risk factors then answer is YES.
Risk Factors-Old age (>50 years)
|What are symptoms / presentation?|
|How can my vascular surgeon help me?|
|Vascular surgeon will do clinical examination + carotid Doppler and/or CT angiography / DSA of your carotid arteries. After confirming diagnosis, he can further guide about treatment options.|
|What are the treatment options?|
|What is carotid artery?|
|Carotid artery is the main blood vessel supplying brain. Blockage/narrowing in carotids can cause brain stroke.|
|How can carotid artery stenting (angioplasty) help preventing stroke?|
|Procedure is similar to angioplasty performed for prevention of heart attack.
Here a stent is placed to open up narrowed carotid artery. It re-establishes normal blood flow to brain & prevents Brain stroke.
|How the stent angioplasty is performed?|
|By doing a small puncture in artery, guide wire along with catheter is introduced into artery.
Blocked artery is crossed with wire & a protective filter is placed.
The balloon+stent is introduced & stent is placed in diseased segment to keep the blood vessel open.
|What is the duration of procedure? How many days I have to remain admitted in hospital?|
|Duration of procedure is 1 hour, done under local anesthesia. You will be discharged next day morning.|
|What are the possible complications of angioplasty?|
|Minimal risk of perioperative brain stroke is there (3 to 4%), but if we don’t remove the blockage, the risk is 10 times higher.|
|When can I restart my routine & office work?|
|You can resume work from next day without any issue. Lifelong medication needs to be taken.|
|Can I prevent getting my carotid arteries blocked before I get Stroke?|
|Yes.Few precautions can help you.
Precautions - Take regular medications if you have chronic diseases (Diabetes, Hypertension)
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