Brain stroke or Brain attack is a condition similar to heart attack, occuring due to inadequate blood supply to brain.
|Why it’s an emergency condition?|
|Inadequate blood supply to brain can damage a part of brain, which can lead to paralysis/death.|
|Why brain stroke occurs?|
|There are 2 types of stroke
|Am I at risk?|
|If you have following risk factors then answer is YES.
Risk Factors-Old age (>50 years)
|What are symptoms / presentation?|
|How can my vascular surgeon help me?|
|Vascular surgeon will do clinical examination + carotid Doppler and/or CT angiography / DSA of your carotid arteries. After confirming diagnosis, he can further guide about treatment options.|
|What are the treatment options?|
|What is carotid artery?|
|Carotid artery is the main blood vessel supplying brain. Blockage/narrowing in carotids can cause brain stroke.|
|How can carotid endarterectomy help preventing stroke?|
|Carotid endarterectomy is the plaque/block removal surgery from carotid artery. It re-establishes normal blood flow to brain & prevents Brain stroke.
|How the surgery is performed?|
|By putting a small skin cut, damaged carotid artery is opened.
Plaque causing narrowing is removed & artery is repaired using a special patch. Blood supply is maintained using a shunt(plastic tube) during surgery.
|What is the duration of procedure? How many days I have to remain admitted in hospital?|
|Duration of procedure is 2 hours, done under general anesthesia. You have to remain admitted in hospital for total 2 to 3 days.|
|What are the possible complications of angioplasty?|
|Minimal risk of perioperative brain stroke is there (3 to 4%), but if we don’t remove the blockage, the risk is 10 times higher.|
|When can I restart my routine & office work?|
|You can resume work after 1 week of rest. Lifelong medication needs to be taken.|
|Can I prevent getting my carotid arteries blocked before I get Stroke?|
|Yes.Few precautions can help you.
Precautions - Take regular medications if you have chronic diseases (Diabetes, Hypertension)
Carotid artery with blockage
Temporary shunt to brain
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